Course Tomcat Administration

  • Content
  • Training
  • Modules
  • General
  • Reviews
  • Certificate
  • Course Tomcat Administration : Content

    The course Tomcat Administration covers the administration of the Apache Tomcat web server which is the most popular platform for deploying Java-based Web applications.

    Tomcat Intro

    The course starts with discussing the different installation options. Next it is shown how Java web applications using servlets and JSP's can be deployed on the server. The web application structure and configuration options with the deployment descriptor are also covered.

    Tomcat Architecture

    Participants will become familiar with the internal architecture of the server, with JMX (Java Management Extensions) and the use of JMX to manage and monitor the server.

    Virtual Hosting

    Attention is also payed to the setup of virtual hosting and the different ways to secure web applications using authentication and SSL.

    Load Balancing

    It is further discussed how to integrate with the Apache Web Server which may serve the static pages or which may have the role of load balancer. The way Tomcat can be configured to enable Web applications to connect to databases is also a course subject.


    Finally it is discussed how to configure a cluster to ensure the failover in cases of server crashes and to enable the scalability of applications.


    The JMeter tool will be used to test the performance of Web applications.

  • Course Tomcat Administration : Training

    Audience Tomcat Administration Course

    The course Tomcat Administration is intended for System Administrators and Web Developers who need to administer and control the Tomcat Server and who need to deploy applications onto it.

    Prerequisites Course Tomcat Administration

    Participants should be familiar basic computing skills like browsing the Web and accessing the directory structure. Knowledge of Web Applications and other Web Servers is beneficial.

    Realization Training Tomcat Administration

    The theory is covered using presentation slides. The concepts are further explained using demos. The theory is alternated with exercises. The course material is in English. The course times are from 9.30 up and to 16.30.

    Certification Tomcat Administration

    Participants receive an official certificate Tomcat Administration after successful completion of the course.

    Course Tomcat Administration
  • Course Tomcat Administration : Modules

    Module 1 : Tomcat Introduction

    Module 2 : Java Web Applications

    Module 3 : Tomcat Architecture

    What is Tomcat?
    What is the ASF?
    Apache Name and Market Share
    Java Overview
    Java EE Servers
    Tomcat and JDK versions
    Servlet and JSP versions
    Tomcat Binary Distributions
    Zip versus Exe Installation
    Tomcat Directories
    Server Configuration Files
    Other Configuration Files
    Webapps directory
    Servlets and JSP's
    Servlet Characteristics
    JSP Translation Time
    JSP Request Time
    Form Submissions
    POST and GET Data
    Web Application Structure
    WAR Files
    Deployment Descriptor
    Defining Custom URL's
    Preloading pages
    Error pages
    Structure server.xml
    The Server
    The Service
    Deployment Scenario's
    The Engine
    The Host
    The Context
    The Realm
    The Valves
    Lifecycle Listeners
    Apache Portable Runtime

    Module 4 : Class Loading

    Module 5 : Tomcat and JMX

    Module 6 : Virtual Hosting

    Class Loading Process
    Class Loaders in JVM
    Delegation Model
    Custom Class Loaders
    Class Loader Behavior
    Class Loader Namespace
    Custom Class Loaders
    Tomcat Class Loaders
    System Class Loader
    Common Class Loader
    Web Application Class Loader
    Class Loader Order
    What is JMX?
    JMX Goal
    Where is JMX used?
    Managed Beans
    Standard Mbeans
    MBean Server
    Naming MBeans
    JMX Architecture
    JVM Instrumentation MBeans
    Accessing the JMX Agent
    JMX in Tomcat
    Virtual Hosting
    Name-based Virtual Hosts
    Virtual Host Configuration
    Engine with Virtual Hosts
    Directory Structure Virtual Hosts
    Virtual Host Element
    Host File Name-based Hosting
    IP-based Virtual Hosts
    Multiple IP addresses per NIC
    Separate JVM for Each Host
    Server Configuration more JVM's
    Host Configuration more JVM's

    Module 7 : Connecting to Databases

    Module 8 : Tomcat Security

    Module 9 : Logging

    Java Database Connectivity
    JDBC Overall Architecture
    JDBC Executing a Statement
    Evolving JDBC versions
    JDBC Driver Types
    Tomcat and JDBC
    JNDI Emulation and Pooling
    Configuring JNDI Resources
    Context.xml in META-INF
    JDBC in Web Applications
    Connection Pooling
    Preventing Connection Leaks
    Verifying Download Integrity
    Remove Default Applications
    Change SHUTDOWN command
    Special Tomcat Account
    Securing JVM
    Securing Web Applications
    HTTP Authentication
    Declarative security
    Programmatic security
    Form-based Authentication
    Combined Security Mechanisms
    SSL Characteristics
    SSL Handshakes
    Logging in Java
    Java Util Logging
    Levels and Log Methods
    Tomcat Logging
    Logging Configuration
    log4j Configuration
    Logger Output Hierarchy
    Inheriting Logging Levels
    Logger Names
    Appenders and Layouts
    Log Analyzer Tools
    Commons Logging

    Module 10 : Stack Tracing

    Module 11 : Tomcat and Apache

    Module 12 : Clustering

    Exception Handling
    try, catch and finally
    Exception information
    Generated Stack Trace
    NumberFormat Exceptions
    Multiple catch clauses
    User Defined Exceptions
    Chained Exceptions
    Reading Stack Traces
    Communication with Apache
    Advantages Using Web Server
    Apache Directory Structure
    Configuring AJP
    Configuring mod_jk Connector
    Install mod_jk
    Create mod_jk.conf File
    Create a Worker
    Configure httpd.conf
    Proxying traffic to Tomcat
    Using mod_proxy
    Clustering Types
    Horizontal and Vertical Clustering
    Sticky Sessions
    Load Balancing Configuration
    Property File Load Balancing
    Session Sharing Backends
    In-Memory Session Replication
    SimplecpCluster Configuration
    Delta and BackupManager
    Persistent Session on File System
    Persistent Session in Database
  • Course Tomcat Administration : General

    Course Forms

    All our courses are classroom courses in which the students are guided through the material on the basis of an experienced trainer with in-depth material knowledge. Theory is always interspersed with exercises.


    We also do custom classes and then adjust the course content to your wishes. On request we will also discuss your practical cases.

    Course times

    The course times are from 9.30 to 16.30. But we are flexible in this. Sometimes people have to bring children to the daycare and other times are more convenient for them. In good consultation we can then agree on different course times.


    We take care of the computers on which the course can be held. The software required for the course has already been installed on these computers. You do not have to bring a laptop to participate in the course. If you prefer to work on your own laptop, you can take it with you if you wish. The required software is then installed at the start of the course.


    Our courses are generally given with Open Source software such as Eclipse, IntelliJ, Tomcat, Pycharm, Anaconda and Netbeans. You will receive the digital course material to take home after the course.


    The course includes lunch that we use in a restaurant within walking distance of the course room.


    The courses are planned at various places in the country. A course takes place at a location if at least 3 people register for that location. If there are registrations for different locations, the course will take place at our main location, Houten which is just below Utrecht. A course at our main location also takes place with 2 registrations and regularly with 1 registration. And we also do courses at the customer’s location if they appreciate that.


    At the end of each course, participants are requested to evaluate the course in terms of course content, course material, trainer and location. The evaluation form can be found at https://www.klantenvertellen.nl/reviews/1039545/spiraltrain?lang=en. The evaluations of previous participants and previous courses can also be found there.


    The intellectual property rights of the published course content, also referred to as an information sheet, belong to SpiralTrain. It is not allowed to publish the course information, the information sheet, in written or digital form without the explicit permission of SpiralTrain. The course content is to be understood as the description of the course content in sentences as well as the division of the course into modules and topics in the modules.

  • Course Tomcat Administration : Reviews

  • Course Tomcat Administration : Certificate